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Cloudy Urine During Pregnancy: Signs, Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Cloudy Urine During Pregnancy
Cloudy Urine During Pregnancy

Cloudy Urine during pregnancy is normally due to hormonal changes. You must not worry because while pregnancy there are a number of women who experience vaginal discharge. The same discharge may get mixed with urine and makes it cloudy.

Pregnancy is an exceptionally unique, exciting, and often a blissful time in a woman’s life. It calls attention to a women’s astounding creative as well as nurturing powers. The onset of pregnancy is with the development of a fetus inside a woman’s body and ends with the birth of a little baby.

During this time period, a woman’s body goes through numerous drastic changes. There are numerous visible changes such as weight gain and other changes such as morning sickness and frequent backaches. However, a few of the body changes that accompany pregnancy may be very unexpected. One of the changes that catch most women by surprise is cloudy urine during pregnancy.


Many women notice themselves have cloudy urine pregnancy. Let us dig it out further than what are its signs in pregnancy and other related stuff.

What does cloudy urine mean? Is cloudy urine a sign of pregnancy?

Does cloudy urine indicate pregnancy? No, it doesn’t. Cloudy urine is not a feature of pregnancy and cannot be as a sign of pregnancy. Whether or not you are pregnant, that would not cause too much difference in the occurrence of cloudy urine. In fact, cessation of menstruation (Amenorrhea) is an indication/key sign/first sign for pregnancy, and the diagnosis requires testing.

Pregnant Woman
Pregnant Woman

Is Cloudy Urine with No Pain is Common in Pregnancy?

The body undergoes several changes during the gestational period and these changes may be visible in the urine too. Cloudy urine during pregnancy is a fairly common phenomenon in most of pregnant women, especially during the early days of pregnancy usually throughout the first trimester.

Some mothers-to-be may notice it from the start of pregnancy while others may experience it at random points throughout the pregnancy. Basically, it varies from women to women and there is no surety that every woman has to experience it. Almost 10 percent of women may experience it.

Symptoms of Cloudy Urine in women

Normal urine is clear and has a yellowish color. When the appearance is not clear, urine is then usually referred to as cloudy or foamy urine. Cloudy urine during pregnancy can range from being mild to severe. The most common signs and symptoms that are associated with this phenomenon are blood in urine, urine odor, and painful urination.

Some other symptoms that are less common and may or may not be related to cloudy urine include rapid weight gain, burning sensation while urinating, swelling of hands and feet, swelling of the face, cramps, pain in the abdomen, and severe back pain.

What Causes Cloudy Urine

Cloudy Urine During Pregnancy: Signs, Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

There are several reasons why a pregnant woman may have cloudy urine. Some of these reasons may not be very severe but others can be very alarming and hence it is advised to pay a visit to a doctor as soon as possible.

What causes it?

The most common reasons for cloudy urine during pregnancy, especially in the first few months of pregnancy are as follows:

Pregnancy Hormones

During pregnancy, the body undergoes many hormonal changes. These occur to support the growing embryo as well as to help the mother adapt to bodily changes.

A number of hormones, such as Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) which is more commonly known as the pregnancy hormone, increase in their concentration especially during the first trimester, thus making the urine appear cloudy.

Urine Color in Pregnany


During pregnancy the fluid needs of the body increase drastically. Not being able to meet these increasing needs can lead to dehydration. Drinking less than 8 to 10 glasses of water per day is not enough for hydration when the body is carrying a baby and can ultimately lead to cloudy urine.

Dietary Changes

Pregnancy is most commonly associated with changes in the eating pattern. A pregnant woman can experience cravings for different kinds of foods some of which may not be appropriate for consumption during this time period. Cloudy urine can appear due to a high intake of foods such as orange juice or dairy products.

Vaginal Discharge

It is very common among women of all ages even when they are not pregnant. However, vaginal discharge becomes more common during the gestational period. Excessive amounts of vaginal discharges are another underlying cause.

Intake of vitamins

In some cases, vitamin intake may not be sufficient and can cause a pregnant woman to experience cloudy urine. It is very important to consume sufficient amount of vitamins.

But this does not mean that vitamins should be consumed in amounts more than that are set as their daily recommended intakes. An excessive amount of vitamin B and vitamin C contribute to the appearance of cloudy urine.


A pregnant is often on medication for one reason or another to sustain her pregnancy. Medicines always come along with several side effects. One of the most common side effects of medicines that are prescribed during pregnancy is cloudy urine. Hence it is advised to always consult a doctor before starting any medications on your own.

Increased metabolism in pregnancy

During pregnancy, metabolism is active. Metabolites of the pregnant women and fetuses are elevated and will be excreted through the urine. The increased metabolites mainly include urea, uric acid, creatine, and creatinine. When these metabolites are too many in the urine, the urine is cloudy because of the crystallization and then precipitation of the urinary metabolites.

Changes in the ureter during pregnancy

By the impact of progesterone, urinary tract smooth muscle tension decreases. So that the renal pelvis and ureters are relaxation, expansion, and thickening. The result is that the urine flow is slow, or even urine reflux. In addition, the ureter may be compressed by the enlarged uterus, more common in right ureter by the dextral uterus. These factors make women more prone to acute pyelonephritis, more in the right side. As we all know, pyelonephritis is the main cause of cloudy urine.

Vaginal discharge in pregnancy

In pregnancy, more vaginal cells fall off and the urine is so white pasty discharge. When cells are mixed in urine, clear urine turns white cloudy urine. The PH value of vaginal discharge is lowered in women during pregnancy.

Following this, the acidity of the urine will also be increased, if the vaginal discharge mixes with the urine. This can promote the formation of acid crystals in the urine, which is with a cloudy appearance.

Acute pyelonephritis during pregnancy

Acute pyelonephritis is an acute inflammation of the kidney and its pelvis due to bacterial infection. That can be as a complication affecting 5% to 11% of the pregnant women, to cause cloudy urine during pregnancy. The causes of pyelonephritis leading to cloudy urine pregnancy may include:

  • Elevated estrogen during pregnancy makes the urinary tract muscle hypertrophy, ureteral relaxation, and its peristalsis decreased, and bladder with low tension then urine over-filling. As a result, residual urine will be increased and urinary retention is present.
  • Enlarged uterus and fetus compress or push ureter and bladder to lead to difficult passing of urine or urinary retention.
  • In pregnancy, urine glucose, amino acids, vitamins are increased.
  • Anatomy of the female urethra also determines the result of the infection-prone.
  • To pregnant women, lower body immunity and immune renal injury are also triggered factors of inflammation.

women surviving stress in pregnancy

How to diagnose it?

The easiest and simplest way to diagnose cloudy urine during pregnancy is through the color change of urine. It changes from being clear and slightly yellow in appearance to become dark, foamy, and cloudy. It is also associated with an unpleasant odor, and burning sensation while urinating, which can be used to make a clear and precise diagnosis.

Pain with cloudy urine

Pain that accompanies cloudy urine is fairly common. The pain is usually felt in the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body. This is due to the several physicals as well as hormonal changes the body undergoes during this whole time period. The pain experienced can range from being mild to very severe. Painful urination can cause the woman to feel discomfort, burning or even itching.

Could you have a UTI?

Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) are very likely to occur during the whole course of pregnancy. They are a very important cause for making the urine become cloudy. Almost 2 to 4 percent of pregnant women develop UTI and hence lead to changes in urinary appearance as well as composition. It is thus advised to consult a physician if the urine becomes cloudy, painful, or smelly as this can be an early indication of a UTI.

Too much protein in your urine?

A major reason for developing cloudy urine during pregnancy is the presence of excessive protein in the urine. This phenomenon is most commonly observed during the later period of pregnancy, usually between 4 and 9 months.

The condition of too much protein in urine is referred to as proteinuria. Elevated levels of protein can at times be a cause of great concern since it can lead to serious health problems that include high blood pressure and damage to the kidney. Too much protein along with high blood pressure is an early indication of preeclampsia which calls for actions to be taken as it can cause harm to the baby as well as the mother.

Treatment of Cloudy Urine During Pregnancy

Cloudy urine in most cases does not pose any harmful implications for the baby as well as the mother. It is still very important to treat clouding urine during pregnancy to ensure a healthy pregnancy. Some of the treatments that can be easily carried out even at home are:

  1. Hydrate yourself significantly: hydrating yourself by drinking a lot of water throughout the day is the best and most effective way to treat cloudy urine. Consuming more water helps the body get rid of any harmful toxins making the body healthy as well as fresh. It is suggested to consume at least 8-10 glasses of water per day.
  2. Proper diet: the mother’s body, as well as the baby, requires proper nourishment for sustaining the pregnancy. It is advised not to consume any food, such as dairy products that are causing the urine to change its appearance.
  3. Consume apple cider vinegar: cloudy urine can result due to a number of reasons. If it is due to a kidney problem, drinking a glass of water coupled with two or three spoons of apple cider vinegar can be very beneficial.
  4. Limit high intake of sugar and salt: foods and drinks that contain a high content of sugar and salt should be avoided during the period of pregnancy. Foods high in sugar increase the risk of diabetes while foods high in salt increase the risk of high blood pressure and kidney problems. All these contribute to cloudy urine. Hence it is preferable to reduce excessive intake of both sugar and salt to avoid cloudy urine and any symptoms that accompany it.
  5. Avoid self-medication: always take medicines that have been prescribed and the dosage is set by the doctor himself. Wrong medications or wrong dosage can cause cloudy urine to develop and prolong.

When Should You Consult a Doctor

Cloudy urine during pregnancy may or may not possibly be a reason for any kind of concern. In any case, it is always a good idea to not take any risks during pregnancy and to be extra careful. If cloudy urine or any symptoms that accompany it is observed amid pregnancy, it should be reported to a doctor and proper medical assistance should be taken.

Prompt action should be taken if cloudy urine is accompanied from first till the third trimester if fever and chills are experienced, if there is blood in urine, if there is frequent urge to urinate, if burning sensations are felt while urinating or if the frequent back and abdominal pain is experienced. The doctor is the best person to consult with regards to taking different decisions amid pregnancy.

What does it mean if my pee is cloudy?

However, pregnancy can actually more or less affect the change in the urine. It can be that urine is cloudy during the (early) pregnancy but it’s not always the case. If you want to study more detailed about this product visit this link to know all these things

What does your pee look like when you’re pregnant?

It can be concentrated and strong-smelling. Many women experience dehydration in pregnancy so kidneys have less fluid for dilution. That’s why it looks like cloudy in pregnancy.

What does it mean if your urine is cloudy while pregnant?

It is due to multiple reasons like dehydration, increased vaginal discharge, dietary and hormonal changes.

What’s the interpretation for cloudy urine during pregnancy?

In most of the cases, the cloudy urine during pregnancy is treatable through antibiotics. In more serious cases like preeclampsia, patient needs additional appointments to stay up to date to the symptoms and treatments.

Other Resources About Cloudy Urine During Pregnancy:

Cloudy urine could just be a result of hormonal and/or dietary changes and does not necessarily mean anything. During pregnancy, women will also have an increase in vaginal discharge which can mix with urine causing it to appear cloudy
Source: Baby Center

Read more at Pregnancy Vitamins

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