White Spots on Teeth | Symptoms, Causes, Treatments

How to Get Rid of White Spots on Teeth

A white tooth indicates a beautiful smile. If you are blessed with shiny white teeth, you must take care of that precious smile. Sometimes, white speckles appear on the teeth, which makes one feel underconfident.

Even after brushing your teeth regularly, these discolored spots are developed on certain parts of your teeth that look slightly different. The discoloration may appear in tiny unnoticeable spots or visibly white flecks, affecting one’s self-esteem.

In this blog post, we have covered the causes of white spots on teeth, the treatments, and the prevention of developing these. If you have ever developed white speckles on your teeth, we have covered every reason for you.

White Spots on Teeth

Fluorosis is the condition in which white-colored spots are formed on your teeth for certain reasons. People with white teeth are more likely to develop these unwanted white spots, which are not quite harmful to the teeth but need to be addressed if the person is concerned about the hygiene and look of his teeth.

Moreover, these spots do not only appear in white color but may also look like dark brown patches. These white spots on teeth indicate tooth decay, demineralization, and poor oral hygiene.

Causes of White Spots on Teeth

White Spots on Teeth
There are different reasons that cause white spots on teeth

Various factors are involved in the formation of spots on the teeth; while some do not affect the teeth and are only visible on the outside enamel, the rest are highly toxic to oral hygiene and lead to cavities.

If no cavity is being examined, the individual only has to focus on flossing and brushing. On the other hand, if there is any cavity in the teeth, it needs to be addressed by a dentist.

Common causes behind the development of white flecks on teeth include:

1. Demineralization

Demineralization is a common phenomenon in dentistry in which vital minerals are depleted from the teeth due to excessive bacterial buildup. The bacteria attacks the protective layer of the teeth, i.e., enamel, and weakens it.

At the spot of bacterial invasion, white stains are formed. Demineralization or decalcification results in tooth decay and should be consulted by dentists.

2. Enamel Hypoplasia

Enamel Hypoplasia is caused due to certain medications, high fevers, lack of proper diet, and smoking. This results in thinning of enamel, which is why brown or white spots appear. Some people are born with enamel hypoplasia, and those born prematurely usually develop this condition.

Due to the weak immune system, the teeth fail to absorb proper nutrients, resulting in lesser enamel visible through white patches and grooves on the teeth.

3. Plaque accumulation

Plaque accumulation is a sign of poor oral hygiene. People who do not brush or floss their teeth more frequently are likely to go through this condition in which unpleasantly looking brown or white patches appear on the teeth. The buildup of plaque on the inside of the teeth usually results from wearing braces.

Due to improper cleaning beneath the braces, the plaque gets deposited and slowly starts affecting the teeth. The high degree of plaque inside the teeth is an ideal spot for the bacteria to grow and attack the enamel, resulting in white or yellowish spots on the teeth.

4. Diet

We all agree that a proper and healthy diet administers excellent oral health. Like the rest of our body, our teeth also require a nutrient-rich diet to protect them from decay or infections. Since calcium is the building block of the teeth, a diet rich in calcium ensures tooth strength.

Eating food that contains a lot of acids, sugar, or alcoholic content damages the enamel faster, triggers bacterial invasion, especially on sensitive teeth, and leaves unpleasant stains.

5. Dehydration

Yes, our teeth also get dehydrated like the rest of our bodies. This dehydration is common among those who sleep with their mouth open. Sleeping with an open mouth restricts the saliva from reaching the enamel surface, resulting in white stains or spots on the teeth.

However, this type of staining goes away one to two hours after the person wakes up, and saliva rehydrates the enamel.

6. Fluorosis

Fluorosis is a condition that is caused due to a higher intake of fluoride, especially among children. Although fluoride is vital in ensuring tooth strength, consuming it at higher levels results in tooth decay, discoloration, or white spot formation.

The condition is not of serious medical concern in its mild form. However, once it gets severe, it may affect all of your teeth and start making small dents and white freckles on the surface.

7. Dental Work

The cosmetic procedures performed on the teeth, such as putting braces, veneers, and crowns, lead to unpleasant stains on the teeth. Sometimes, the metal of these fillings leaves its color, making the teeth look stained.

Also, when you have gone through any dental work previously, you must be more careful as the treated area is more likely to absorb stains from the food you are intaking.

However, by improving your diet and following oral hygiene rituals, you can combat these stains and get rid of plaque accumulation between your teeth.

8. Congenital Hypomineralisation

Some children are born with congenital hypomineralisation, while others develop it during the first 2 to 3 years. During this condition, the teeth enamel becomes soft and more prone to decay and cavities. This is a genetic condition that usually affects the first molar and incisor.

It is reported that almost 14 to 15% of children worldwide are affected by this condition, which does not have any scientifically proven factors involved behind it. Any trauma or infection in infants may be the primary cause of developing hypomineralisation resulting in teeth’ white spots.

READ MORE: Top Teeth Whitening Tips

Treatments to Get Rid of White Marks on Teeth

dental veneers
Effective treatments to remove white marks on your teeth

Under certain circumstances, it becomes difficult to eliminate the white spots from teeth. Unfortunately, you cannot completely get rid of unpleasant white spots if you have developed them already.

Although brushing and flossing in a consistent routine is good for oral health, there are other solutions than this. From home remedies to cosmetic and dental treatments, we have enlisted some of the most effective ways to treat white marks.

1. Enamel Microabrasion

If the white stains on your teeth have started looking deeper and spread out, your dentist may treat it through enamel microabrasion, in which a delicate layer of enamel is removed from the teeth where the white stains are developed. Once you finish the enamel Microabrasion, you can enjoy a brighter and clearer smile again.

2. Dental Veneers

Dental veneering effectively combats the white staining in which the customized porcelain or resin veneers are made to fit on the teeth. Since the dental veneers are designed according to the teeth’ appearance, it is necessary to visit the dentist to get the correct size.

3. Dental Crowns

If the white staining is only visible on a single tooth, your doctor may suggest you wear a dental crown that encapsulates the affected tooth. A small portion of the tooth’s enamel is cut and then covered with the dental crown to give your teeth a natural look.

4. Dental Bleaching

It is an effective method of getting rid of white spots on teeth and is performed under a dentist’s supervision. Dental bleaching or teeth whitening helps lighten teeth color so the white spots or flecks may look less visible. The process involves using dental tools and a specific gel that works on the teeth’ enamel and evens the entire teeth’ color.

5. Dental Bonding

This treatment can be used to fix chipped or crooked teeth, fill in gaps, or alter a tooth’s color with the help of resin that has the same color as the affected tooth. Cosmetic dental bonding is one the most trending and popular treatments in dentistry due to the stunning results and the nature of the procedure being reversible.

6. Chin Strap

People who sleep with their mouths open usually complain about the formation of unpleasant white spots on their teeth. To resolve this issue, the chin strap is used that keeps the jaw and mouth shut by wrapping its elastic fabric around the mouth. It helps provide the teeth with sufficient hydration by putting pressure that keeps the mouth closed during sleep.

Home Remedies to Get Rid of White Spots on Your Teeth

a girl brushing her teeth
Try these proven home remedies to remove white spots on your teeth

If you observe any white spots on the teeth but do not want to go to a dentist for those expensive dental treatments, you may opt for home remedies to reduce the appearance of these spots.

We have gathered some effective remedies to get rid of white marks on teeth, which may start working if you follow these for 2 weeks almost.

  • Brush your teeth with baking soda as it has exceptional properties to kill germs and bacteria and has proven effects on tooth discoloration and decalcification.
  • You will be surprised to learn coconut oil’s excellent benefits for healthy teeth. With its antibacterial and antifungal properties, it is the most effective way to get rid of white spots on teeth. You must only gargle your mouth with a few drops of coconut oil and then split it out.
  • Brush your teeth with a mixture of hydrogen peroxide and baking powder; these ingredients have excellent bleaching properties when combined.
  • Take a few drops of lemon juice and mix it with salt. Rub this mixture on your teeth for a few minutes, and then rinse with warm water. Citric acid effectively protects teeth from stains and keeps your teeth and gums in good shape.
  • Mix a small quantity of turmeric powder with a few drops of lemon juice. Now gently rub this paste on your teeth with your fingertips for 2 minutes, then wash it away with warm water. Since turmeric works great in removing stains from teeth, this remedy will provide satisfactory results after consistently following it for 1 to 2 weeks.

How to Prevent the Development of White Spots on Teeth?

a man having a dental checkup from a dentist
Tips to prevent white spots formation on teeth

People usually ask if white spots on the teeth are preventable or not. The answer is yes; if proper care is provided to the teeth and gums, it is possible to prevent the formation of white stains on teeth. When children develop their new teeth, the age of developing white stains is under 10.

Also, the excessive intake of fluoride at this age leaves white marks which stick around throughout the life span of the teeth. Taking care of your oral hygiene is essential to prevent white freckles from developing on the teeth since any avoidance may lead to irreversible damage.

Only a few minor changes to your lifestyle produce beneficial results if followed religiously.

  • Ensure you are using clean water, even for cleaning your mouth. Also, try to consume water with a lesser concentration of fluoride, as we know that too much fluoride is unsuitable for the teeth’ health.
  • Children should be encouraged to brush their mouths twice a day. Any toothbrush with a smaller amount of fluoride should be used in a minimal amount, just like the size of a pea.
  • Cut short your consumption of sugary and acidic food and beverages, as the stains caused by these are not easily removed.
  • Remember to clean your braces thoroughly. People who forget to clean their braces, especially around the brackets, are likelier to develop unpleasant white or brown stains beneath and around them.
  • If you are a smoker, there are higher chances of developing white stains on your teeth than non-smokers. So the first and foremost thing to do is quit smoking to improve overall health.
  • A regular dental checkup is mandatory for improved oral health. If you are suffering from any dental issues or your teeth develop stains over time, consult an experienced dentist to combat these issues.
  • Try using a straw when drinking beverages except for water, mainly soft drinks.
  • Avoid consuming food that has artificial dark coloring. Cut short your consumption of tea and coffee.
  • Invest in an electric toothbrush as it effectively removes plaque and has ultra-advanced features for removing discoloration from teeth. Here is a list of the best electric toothbrushes.
  • Fluoride is essential to strengthen the teeth and to re-mineralizing the weak enamel. To keep yourself packed with the right amount of fluoride, it is suggested to intake fluoride supplements. Children under 6 should not get exposed to too much fluoride.

Bottom Line

From a medical point of view, the formation of white stains or spots on teeth is not of serious concern. Follow the remedies mentioned above and try to improve your oral health.

Still, if it is embarrassing and affecting your confidence, it is recommended to consult your dentist regarding the treatments of these spots. Your dentist will suggest ways to achieve clear, plaque-free, and healthy-looking teeth with no discoloration based on your dental goals.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Can white spots on teeth go away?

Yes, getting rid of white spots on teeth is possible by following an oral hygiene routine, including regular tooth brushing and flossing. After every meal, wash your teeth and gargle. Also, use an electric toothbrush to prevent plaque development and floss every night.

How do I get rid of white spots on my teeth naturally?

You can get rid of unpleasantly looking white spots on teeth at home by brushing them with a paste made of vinegar and baking soda. Try using this remedy once a week for better-looking teeth with no white stains.

Why are my teeth getting white spots?

There are various reasons involved, including decalcification, calcium deficiency, illness, medications, excessive exposure to fluoride, not taking care of oral hygiene, dental trauma in childhood days, and eating a poor diet rich in acids and sugar.

Can toothpaste help me get rid of white spots on my teeth?

Using a toothbrush that has re-mineralizing effects is proven to eliminate white spots from the teeth.

Are white spots on teeth normal?

Yes, white spots on teeth are normal until the condition is unrelated to severe oral health. You may get rid of these stains by following a routine and avoiding eating a diet with a high concentration of acids, alcohol, etc.

Why did I get white spots on my teeth overnight?

Sleeping with the mouth open is the reason behind developing white spots on teeth overnight. Since the saliva does not properly hydrate the enamel, the teeth remain dehydrated at night. But this staining goes away one to two hours after you wake up and hydrates your mouth.

How to get rid of dental fluorosis?

Dental fluorosis does not go away independently or by brushing or flossing. You must undergo dental procedures such as crowns and veneers to get rid of fluorosis.

How to get rid of white spots after braces?

You need to take the services of a highly professional and skilled cosmetic dentist throughout your braces journey. The plaque gets beneath the braces, which can only be eliminated by practicing oral hygiene.

How can I reduce my child’s risk of developing fluorosis?

To prevent your child from developing fluorosis, you must keep a strong eye on his eating habits. Always remember that excess fluoride is not suitable for the teeth’ health. Ensure that your child has spitted out the toothbrush instead of swallowing it. Do not let your kid consume too much sugar or acidic beverages, as these items leave unpleasant spots on the teeth.

Should I consult my doctor about the fluorosis stains?

Although fluorosis is not a severe medical concern, it may affect your confidence and, most importantly, your smile. So, if you are conscious of those fluorosis marks, it is recommended to consult a professional dentist and discuss the treatments and prevention in detail with him.

What is tartar?

Tartar is formed on the enamel when the bacteria found naturally inside the mouth react with the food particles, leaving a thin layer of plaque in the form of deposits. Tartar is the ultimate result of the plaque built upon the teeth that are left untreated.

How to get rid of tartar?

To get rid of tartar, brushing your teeth twice a day with a toothbrush with a balanced fluoride concentration is recommended. Use a good mouthwash to clean all the food remnants from the mouth so the bacteria may not reach out to the tough places.

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