Emotions are a part of life. We experience different types of emotions daily, such as happy, sad, excited, etc. When we cry, tears come in our eyes which are a sign of eye health. It has been proved from the research that the average person produces 15-30 gallons every year.
Types Of Tears
There are two kinds of tears:
- Basal tears
These types of tears are always present in your eyes all the time. These tears lubricate, nurture and protect your cornea.
- Reflex tears
This type of tear originates due to two factors, internal and external factors. The external factors include cold wind, an irritant (gas, pollutant, foreign body). The internal factors include stress and emotions (sadness, pain & happiness).
Components of Tears
The tears comprise of different components such as:
Research has proved that emotional tears also contain some hormones and proteins.
Advantages of Tears
Tears are very beneficial for our health. It has the following advantages:
- It lubricates your eyes to protect the vision.
- Basal and reflex tears help in the removal of dirt, debris, bacterial infection, and irritants.
Reasons for Eye Tear Stinging & Burning
There are many reasons due to which eyes burn and stinging is developed in the eye. Following are some of the reasons which will guide you that why you feel stinging in eyes.
Dryness of eye
When your eyes are dried, fewer tear forms in them. Dry eyes have the following symptoms:
- Burning sensation and redness are formed in the eye as a result of dryness.
- Dryness causes blurriness and makes your vision poor.
- Dry and stinging feelings are developed as a result of dryness.
Causes of Eye Dryness
There are different causes of eye-dryness in which some of them are given below:
- Changing in hormone production during pregnancy
- Medications may cause eye-dryness
- Wearing a contact lens for a long time may lead to dryness of the eyes.
Eye allergies can be the cause of eye-burning and stinging. Following are some of the factors that become the cause of allergies:
- In some seasons, lots of pollen is produced, which causes allergies.
- If you get in contact with mold, it causes severe allergies to your eyes.
- Smoke and smog are some of the major causes of eye allergies.
The following are some of the symptoms of eye allergies:
- Burning in eyes
- Sting or itching produce in eyes
- Lots of water and redness are formed in the eyes.
It is the condition in which your eyelids get red and swollen. The symptoms of this disease are itching, burning, dryness, sensitivity to lights, and irritation. It creates blurriness and crusty white flakes on the eyelashes. This condition is mainly due to the trapped oil in glands.
This disease is the inflammation of the clear membrane that is present around your eyeball. The cause of this disease is bacteria, viruses, infection, or allergies. The symptoms of pink eye include redness or pinkness, watery eyes, itching, produce a burning sensation, and deposition of discharge.
Sunburn to Your Eye
The exposure of eyes to UV rays causes eye sunburn that is known as photokeratitis. This disease causes burning, irritation, stinging, pain, headaches, watery eyes, and halos around light.
This condition is the inflammation of the eyelids. The people who have this condition develop pain, light sensitivity, itching, feeling something in the eye, and red blood spots in the eyes. People who have rosacea which is a skin condition in which flushing forms on the skin.
The fleshy growth of tissue is formed in the white part of the eye. This tissue is formed near the nose and may also be on the outer portion of the eyes. This disease may result in a combination of dry eyes and UV light. With the appearance of growth, it also includes:
- Burning of eye
- Itching in eye
- Redness and swelling are developed in the eye.
Treatment of Burning and Stinging Eyes
- Warm and cool your eyes
The application of a warm and cool compress on your close eyelids soothes your eyes.
- Flushing with saline solution
Wash your eyes with saline solution and artificial eye drop to reduce your eye sting. It is better not to use tap water for washing your eyes as it contains bacteria etc.
- Eye- cleaning
The gentle cleaning of the eye around your eyes with a warm washcloth will give you relief.
- Use of indoor humidifiers
The use of humidifiers that add moisture to the air will give you eye relief.
- Fish oils and flaxseeds
Intake of supplements in the form of flaxseeds and fish oils has proven beneficial for the treatment of eye-dryness, such as rosacea.
- Intake of water
Drink lots of water to make you hydrated, which in turn protects your eyes from dryness.
- Use of the less electronic device
If you want to get rid of your eyes from the stinging, then avoid frequent use of an electronic device such as mobiles, laptops, etc.
The sunglasses are necessary for the protection of your eyes from UV light and further irritation.
Medical Treatment – Use of OTC Medications
Following are some of the important medications which will give relief to your stinging eyes and tips to take care of your eyes.
The anti-histamines are beneficial for mild to moderate eye allergies.
- Artificial tears
The use of artificial tears that are available from any drug store is best for dry eyes, Blepharitis and allergies.
These drops work well for different types of eye-allergies
The use of gels on the skin around the eyes reduces the symptoms of eye diseases.
The use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory eye drops is used for the treatment of eye diseases.
- Steroidal eye-drops
Steroidal eye drops are another option that is used in the treatment of eye problems. They have proven beneficial in the treatment of inflammation of the eyes.
- Oral medicine
Some eye diseases such as Blepharitis are treated with oral medication to combat bacterial infection.