What is Pili Multigemini?
Also referred to as tufted hair, is a condition of hair follicle dysplasia characterized by the growth of a number of hair shafts emerging from one hair follicle, bunched together like a toothbrush. Normal hair growth involved a single hair strand in one hair follicle. In Pili Multigemini, might microscopy has proven that all the air strands are bunched together in one outer root sheath. The dermal papilla is enclosed in a single bulb, and it splits into various hair shafts, each with its own cuticle, and appears on the skin in a bunch of hair. This condition typically characterizes the beards of adult men or the scalp of young children. Pili Multigemini is a condition that manifests itself in scarring inflammatory scalp conditions, especially in severe scalp folliculitis.
Causes of Pili Multigemini
The exact cause of the condition is still unknown though some attribute it to genetics. It has also been suggested that divided hairs mat results from subdivided papilla. The multiple hairs may also result from the partial merging of a number of papilla. Research has also shown that pili Multigemini may be caused by reactivation of dormant embryonic epithelial germs.
Symptoms and Diagnosis of Pili Multigemini
Pili Multigemini is characterized by multiple hair strands bunched together in a single hair follicle like a doll’s hair. The diagnosis of this condition is typically visual. Dermoscopy of the hair and the scalp can enhance the diagnosis of this rare condition.
Is Pili Multigemini Alarming?
In most cases, it usually goes undiagnosed and causes no serious complications. Occasionally, however, the hair follicle may get infected and lead to folliculitis. These involve the growth of painful pustules that appear as acne. Also called razor bumps, these may result from shaving. Folliculitis can recover on its own and often does not need any intervention. However, if the infection worsens, you may need to consult your healthcare provider. Signs that indicate a complicated case of folliculitis include fever, a foul odor coming from the pustules, or infection spreading to the surrounding areas. Excessive hair growth in pili Multigemini can often lead to itching, irritation, and infections developing.
How to get rid of Pili Multigemini?
Although not necessary, you may decide to remove these excessive hairs by either of the following methods:
An inexpensive solution to the problem is to use tweezers to pull out these hairs. However, sometimes this method can be a little painful because these hairs take up space and are thicker than ordinary hair. Alternatively, there is little evidence to suggest whether hair removal by tweezing can lead to further growth of such hairs.
Laser hair removal
A more long-lasting solution to this problem is the use of laser-therapy. Laser hair removal (LHR) makes use of light pulses on damp hair follicles to damage them so that they do not produce hair again. What makes laser hair removal a less common alternative is its high cost, irritation and discomfort that results from the treatment, the number of sessions needed, eventual regrowth, and the risk of changing skin colour. If performed correctly, however, regrowth is very unlikely. There should also be no risk to skin colour if the laser therapy is performed by a skilled dermatologist. Laser hair removal therapy is frequently administered in clinics and homes with the help of devices designed for consumer self-treatment.
Laser hair removal methods are precise, fast, and predictable. Laser therapy targets specific dark and coarse hair only, and does not cause any surrounding skin damage. It is efficient and fast as it takes merely a fraction of a second for each pulse. Laser therapy treats an area of the size of a quarter in a second. Its predictability guarantees that after three to seven sessions, hair follicles are permanently damaged and hair will not grow in those follicles again. There are also potential risks involved if you do not get it done by an experienced professional.
Laser hair removal may not be very effective in people who have light-coloured hair. Those who have light-coloured hair often opt for electrolysis. When using this method of hair removal the dermatologist makes use of an epilator that delivers radio waves to the hair follicle, in order to destroy its ability to reproduce hair. This treatment method requires several sessions and can lead to swelling, discolouration, or redness in the affected area. This method has been classified as a permanent hair removal technique, though there is a threat of scarring and infection.
Electrolysis requires several treatment sessions. The number of sessions required typically depends on the person and his or her specific characteristics. Most clients need to return once a week or after every one week. If the series of treatment sessions are followed through till the end, the hair removal is permanent. Some fear that electrolysis is extremely painful. This, however, is not true anymore. The modern methods of electrolysis do not cause a great deal of pain.
How to Prevent Multiple Hair Growth or Pili Multigemini?
Since the causes of pili Multigemini are not clearly known, the preventative measures are also not well-established. There are, however, some suggest that the following precautionary measures can reduce the likelihood of pili Multigemini:
- Shave your hair only with the skin and hair being wet
- Shave in the direction of the natural growth of hair, not against it.
- Rinse the blade frequently.
- Let the razor dry completely and do not keep it damp. This prevents bacterial growth.
In conclusion, Pili Multigemini is a medical condition whereby a bunch of hair strands grow in a single hair follicle, giving the appearance of brush-like dense hair. This condition typically does not raise any concern unless complications arise like the hair follicle getting infected. If the hair growth is not accompanied by any irritation, infection, or itching, the condition can go untreated. If complications do arise, you may need to undergo laser therapy sessions, electrolysis hair removal, or remove the hair strands by tweezing.
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